The DAN MOI Jaw Harp Blog ♫

  • The Strange Sound of Happiness: Diego Pascal Panarello follows the mystic power of the jaw harp

    Finally, there is a new flick about the mouth harp out. Sicilian movie maker Diego Pascal Panarello was working more than 7 years on “The Strange Sound of Happiness”. The fantasy documentary celebrated its world premiere at the DOK Festival 2017 in Leipzig, Germany. DAN MOI met Diego in the foyer of the cinema in Leipzig only minutes away from the start of the premiere. He is not only revealing his jaw harp collection on the bar table in front of us, but is also revealing some exciting legends such as the connection of the jaw harp to the mafia, the story of losing his favourite jaw harp and naturally his first personal encounter with those items that take away all sorrows.

    Diego Pascal Panarello (DPP): My home is in Sicily between Syracuse and Catania, the exact name is Augusta. It’s a navy place and a fisherman place. I got the first jaw harp by chance. I don’t know why, but one day I woke up and wanted to play it. So I went to a souvenir shop and bought one. When I started to play this instrument, I didn’t stop for one week. There came a lot of blood from my lips, because I wasn’t able to play. I wasn’t feeling bad, though. Actually I was feeling very good when playing it. This was some 12 or 15 years ago and afterwards I forgot about the instrument. I only played it every now and then. When I started to play a little bit better I felt pleasure. And I was thinking this little instrument is covering something more mysterious. I was fascinated by the instrument, and I was fascinated by the name it has in Italy. Scaccia Pensieri means something like “worries go away”. And I was thinking maybe there is a reason why, so I got curious about it.

    DAN MOI: What would you consider yourself?

    DPP: I’m a film director, and a failed musician. I wanted to be a musician, but I never have been able to play any instrument. I’m kind of a wrong choice for music – no rhythm, no tuning, no anything … I became a filmmaker. And now I’m even a tiny little bit of a musician.

    DAN MOI: What is the story you are telling in the film?

    DPP: It’s the story of a guy who has been going around for 20 years looking for something. At some point he is tired of his failure and his less than perfect life, so he returns to his parents’ house. And by chance he stumbles upon this instrument and starts to follow the sound of this instrument. And in a way he discovers something that he didn’t know before. The film is a mix of reality and fantasy. It’s a documentary with a touch of fantasy. It’s totally a visionary pop trip and it doesn’t pretend to have a historical approach, it’s completely narrative.

    This guy who comes back after 20 years discovers a new world through this instrument. And this new world is represented by Yakutia, because it is a completely different from my place in Sicily. To me it was looking like a place that only existed in my mind. In the film I don’t reach that place for real, not by train or plane, but I get to this place with my mind. I was always fascinated of that completely different place. So I developed the film between Sicily and Yakutia, because they are kind of opposite and far away from each other. There are a few more spots than that in the film, like France, Hungary and Austria, but actually when watching nobody knows where we really are.

    DAN MOI: How strong is the jaw harp tradition in Sicily?

    DPP: It has become a souvenir for tourists that visit Sicily. Sicily is well known through the cinema. People from all over the world get there, because Sicily is known through the Godfather or Salvatore Giuliano, so they buy this instrument. Since about ten years ago a new movement has started in Sicily through the very important Marranzano World Festival in Catania. This festival shows the jaw harp in a new light, and takes it out of this mere tourist context and out of the mafia tradition.

    The jaw harp in Sicily was originally connected with the sheep, and with the sheperds. In their loneliness they used to play on the top of the mountain, where they were playing together with the animals. At one point, the mafia came to take control over the territory. To be able to do that, the sheperds were considered an important player. They were the ones moving around with the sheep, so they were a crucial part to take control of. The sheperds became kind of soldiers for the mafia bosses. This is how the connection between the jaw harp and the mafia started. In many films about Salvatore Giuliano there are some sheperds playing this instrument to send signals like “Salvatore, police is coming”. But I think, this was a kind of fantasy of the film director Francesco Rosi.

    There are a lot of legends about them sending signals from the top of one mountain to another, but actually this is very difficult due to the low volume of the instrument. That’s the nice thing about this instrument: since there is no history, there is a lot of space for legends. Maybe with my film I have done something, which is close to that point of view. It’s nice, because it’s like a blank canvas, you can put there whatever you want. Everybody is able to create a legend about this instrument.

    DAN MOI: Who do you think will watch the movie?

    DPP: I hope that this film is watched by the people, who don’t know this instrument. I’d be happy, too, if people who play the jaw harp also see it, but they already know everything without my story. It’s not a classical documentary that tells the history of the instrument. So basically, this film is for everybody. As you know, the instrument is represented as a magic key …

    DAN MOI: Was it difficult to film the jaw harp?

    DPP: I was telling the camera guys, please shoot always from the right side, never from the left, because the left is covered by the hand. But on the other hand, if you don’t see so much, the instrument becomes even more mysterious. So there is a part in the film, were it’s dark and we played with this feature: if you cover the jaw harp, it could be more interesting, so people wonder, „is it a piece of iron, how is he playing, what does he play?

    DAN MOI: What is your favorite scene in the film?

    DPP: You know, there is a moment that actually doesn’t exist in the film. I met a master blacksmith in Yakutia. He gave an instrument to me and since he gave it to me my playing got so much better. I made a big step forward and I thought it was because of the instrument and the blacksmith, who made this instrument. One day I broke the instrument. It happened in Europe, and that was a shocking moment for me. I said: “Ok, I have to go back to Yakutia to repair it.” But when I went back to Yakutia, the master was sick and wasn’t able to repair this instrument. At that very moment I started to cry, because for me it had the same meaning like when we lose a person or something we highly value. It was very symbolic to me. In the film there is a reconstruction of this story, but I actually experienced the true story.

    Jaw Harp Collection of Diego Pascal Panarello.

    DAN MOI: Do you have a Marranzano with you?

    DPP: Yes, I have one very old Marranzano. It was made by a blacksmith that has already died. By chance, I met a girl and we were talking. She told me that her grandfather was a blacksmith from Leonforte, and I said, “Yes, there was one guy from Leonforte who was making jaw harps, but he died.” And she said, “Yes, my grandfather was making those instruments”. So she had five of them and gave one to me.

    DAN MOI: Would you play a song on your jaw harp?

    DPP: Yes, of cause. This is not the typical sound of Sicily. The Sicilian sound is usually harder. I don’t know why, but this instrument sounds very soft. It’s not common for the Sicilian sound. Its long life is neither usual. Usually the shape of the instrument is bigger. I don’t play a Sicilian song, I play an improvisation. It’s a kind of Tarantella.

  • Taucha is magnetic – the city near Leipzig attracts jaw harps

    Since 2014 there has been a trophy in Taucha, which symbolically awards the town near Leipzig the title “World Centre of the Jaw Harp”. Taucha lives up to this award of the International Jew´s Harp Society. That’s why in the past years a lot has happened around Taucha, which puts the small instrument in the centre of attention: in November 2017 Diego Pascal Panarello's jaw harp documentary “The Strange Sound of Happiness” celebrated its world premiere near Taucha, at the Leipzig DOK Festival; Spiridon Shishigin, one of the best jaw harp players from Russian Yakutia, has been visiting regularly for several years, because his daughter Maria Shishigin has been living and working in that region for almost four years; since 2007 the jaw harp and world music festival “Ancient Trance” has been taking place in Taucha; and since 2001 the musical instrument business DAN MOI – the world market leader for jaw harps – is operating out of Taucha. One wonders whether Taucha is the source of a secret magnetism that attracts jaw harps.

    View over the marketplace and the church of Taucha. Photo: City of Taucha.

    The first impulse in the most recent German jaw harp history was set by Clemens Voigt. Together with Sven Roxi Otto, Clemens founded the online business for musical instrument DAN MOI, which started selling jaw harps and over the years a lot of other effect instruments, small and large percussion as well as wind instruments. The location of the company was a factory site on the outskirts of Taucha near Leipzig. With DAN MOI, Clemens and Roxi found a market niche as 20 years ago it was still extremely difficult to buy a jaw harp in Europe, whether it was from Vietnam, India or Russia. Clemens experienced this himself: his first jaw harp that a friend gave to him was a Dan Moi. This is a Vietnamese jaw harp that is played with the lips and produces a delicate sound with rich overtones. He was fascinated by this beautiful instrument. Clemens then tried to buy a Dan Moi himself, but that turned out not being as easy. Yet there was not such a large offer of musical instruments on the internet like today and predominantly Austrian frame-type jaw harps were sold. So, Clemens spontaneously travelled to Vietnam to find the jaw harp smiths on site.

    In Vietnam, the quest for jaw harps just began. When it became obvious that jaw harps were still to be discovered in many other countries of the world, further journeys followed, including to Russian Yakutia, a Mecca for jaw harp lovers. Clemens visited the big jaw harp museum in Yakutsk and local jaw harp makers like Chemchoev and Petr Osipov. Osipov forged his very own jaw harp for Clemens, which is still his favourite jaw harp today. The passion for the variety of jaw harps can be found in the DAN MOI range: DAN MOI has over 300 different jaw harps from 30 different countries on offer.

    Clemens Voigt and the Yakutian khomus maker Chemchoev (approximately in the year 2000).

    For more than ten years the Ancient Trance Festival, which celebrates the joy of playing the jaw harp, has been a permanent event in Taucha. DAN MOI founded the jaw harp and world music festival. Today it is in the hands of a non-profit association and a sociocratic organization of people who have all been captivated by the magic of “organic synthesizers”. In summer, fans of acoustic trance music meet in the castle courtyard, in the city centre, and in the Taucha park. The Ancient Trance Festival is the biggest jaw harp festival in Europe with several thousand visitors. Here, jaw harp players from all over the world shake hands.

    In summer 2014, the congress of the International Jaw Harp Society (IJHS) took place at the Ancient Trance Festival. On that occasion more than 30 international jaw harp experts met in Taucha. They gave lectures, played concerts, engaged in discussions with their fellows and conducted workshops. Together with the conference the challenge cup “World Centre of the Jaw Harp” was awarded to DAN MOI and thus to Taucha. The next venue to host this congress will take over the trophy from the Taucha crew.

    The challenge cup “World Centre of the Jaw Harp” of the International Jew´s Harp Society was given to Taucha near Leipzig (Germany) in 2014 .

    The Ancient Trance Festival, which will next take place in August 2019, remains a magnet and meeting place for jaw harp specialists. Strolling around the festival area, you will not only meet Clemens Voigt and Sven Roxi Otto, but also jaw harp virtuosos such as Áron Szilágyi and Neptune Chapotin. Meanwhile, outside the festival time it may happen that one of the most important jaw harp players of the world can be seen strolling through the streets of Taucha or Leipzig. Spiridon Shishigin is more often seen for concerts and workshops in Germany recently, because – may be thanks to the secret magnetism of Taucha – for almost four years Spiridon's daughter Maria has been living and working with her family near Taucha. She is an excellent jaw harp player herself and a peace ambassador.

    For the world premiere of Diego Pascal Panarello's film “The Strange Sound of Happiness” in November 2017, Spiridon and Maria Shishigin welcomed the guests in festive, Yakutian dress and played jaw harp tunes on the Khomus. The fact that the world premiere of a new documentary film about the jaw harp took place just a few kilometres from Taucha is one of the most recent, highly pleasing signs of the appeal that emanates from the trophy “World Centre of the Jaw Harp” and perhaps even from Taucha itself.

  • The Moseño Flute: A Rarity from the Andes

    The Moseño flute is a very special, spherical instrument. Flute players appreciate the instrument for its warm, light sound that is able to spread genuine tranquility. That’s why the Moseño is suitable for meditations – whether for oneself or for others. The Moseño is easy to learn: with its six grip holes and an easy to use mouth piece it doesn’t require practising for years. The Argentinean musician Pablo Salcedo from the group Markama is a passionate Moseño player. He is fascinated by its smooth, humming tone. 

    Moseno Bamboo Flute

    What is particular about the Moseño is a blowing pipe, which is placed on the sound tube. This mechanism, which only serves to transport the breathing air from the player to the other end of the flute originates from the traditional Moseños as they are used in Bolivia. There, Moseños can reach a length of more than 2 meters. Those sound particularly deep and airy. The attached air pipe is there to make it easier for the player to reach the grip holes. Otherwise, they would be too far away from the mouth piece. That’s why the Moseño is being held like a transverseflute. Several spellings are common for the instrument: Moxeño, Mohoceño, Moceño.

    The Moseño in Bolivia

    In Bolivia, the Moseño is being played outdoors at public festivities. “Usually, not only one instrument is being heard. The Moseño is being played in groups of 10, 20 or more instruments. There are four different sizes: the biggest is called Salliwa, the others are named as follows (in a descending order): Moseños Eraso, Licu, and Chili”, writes Pablo Salcedo in an email to DAN MOI. Mainly, men are playing on the Moseño. The Bolivian province of Inquisivi is famous as its place of origin and it’s located about 5 hours by car in the East of Bolivia’s capital La Paz. There, every year the Mohoseñadas take place. “Traditionally, Moseños will be accompanied by Huancara drums and an Imilla. The Imilla is a high oboe (similar to a Chirimia) with a screeching sound”, Pablo explains. Young, unmarried people are dancing on the streets to the music of the Moseños.

    The Mohoseñada (also known as Moseñada) is a ritual dance of the Aymara culture, which is being performed during the rainy season, so usually in February. It is dedicated to the youth and fertility of the earth. When the potato plants bloom in lilac and white the Mohoseñada is being danced, too, as a token of gratuity to the Pachamama, mother earth. The dancers wear strong, distinctive colours: red or green skirts and yellow or red blouses. Their high-spirited dance that involves many moves is a symbol for the peak and power of youth. Today, the dance and instrument have become quite popular and are cultivated in many places in the region around La Paz. In February 2011, the Mohoseñada was officially recognized by being declared an Immaterial Cultural Heritage of La Paz.

    Music of the Andes, meditation and insider tip for flute experts

    Pablo Salcedo who plays with the Latin folk band Markamasince 1994 describes the sound of the Moseño as curative and full of compassion and love. The Moseño is an instrument with an incredible personality. “The Moseño’s power of expression is remarkable, when played for meditation. The sound does not only captivate the auditory, but the flute player, too. That’s truly magic.” As a matter of fact, the Moseño is being used for relaxation music. The warm sound is taken as background music for Yoga exercises or Reiki and is highly appreciated for meditation as well.

    For friends of the Latin American flute music, the Moseño is a very special rarity. It is an eye-catcher. Its warm sound triggers excitement. With the instrument all known melodies from the Latin American folklore can be played. Solemn, slow songs unfold their charm the same as faster songs from the repertoire of the Andes music. The Argentinean flute expert Uña Ramos, too, loved to play the Moseño. The Chilean music group Illapu uses the Moseño in some of their songs. In particular, the songs “Labradores” and “Tristeza Incaica” have become popular. Both of them emphasize the melancholic sound colour of the Moseño. They serve as a reminder that the Moseño is also being played at funerals in the Bolivian Andes.

    Yet the Moseño is an insider tip among flute fans. “It’s pretty difficult to get an instrument of good quality”, writes the flute player and founder of the World Flutes Festival Pablo Salcedo. Perhaps this is one of the reasons why it is rather seldom used by music bands that don’t have a direct connection to the Latin American folklore. But everything is possible with it. The Brazilian Duo Portal sketches a mysterious acoustic landscape with the Moseño.

    The Moseño is diatonically tuned and held like a transverse flute. Sometimes flute players put long instruments on their shoulders. To elicit a sound, one blows into the round opening at the air pipe. The stream of air is being transported through the pipe to the upper end of the flute. There the air hits a so-called windway that makes the flute sound emerge. In terms of sound creation, the Moseño works exactly like a recorder. The tone can be varied by blowing with different pressure into the air channel. The Moseño resembles the Slovakian Fujara. This very long shepherd’s pipe works also with an attached air pipe. However, the Fujara is being held vertically.

    Perhaps, in the Western world the Moseño is also the instrument of celebrated loneliness and longing. Particularly, the big flutes with a deep sound found their way out of the Bolivian mountains into the big cities of the world. Pablo Salcedo describes their magic effect by saying: “One can play the Moseño fabulously by oneself, thereby creating a moment of meditation. It reflects the spiritual relationship between human, nature and the infinity of the mountains.”

    The Moseños you find in the DAN MOI shop are manifectured by a master instrument maker from Portugal, who learned to build Moseños in South America. Our Moseños are made from European bamboo, that is prepared for the local climate conditions. The construction process of one instrument takes a year. Build with care, they have an excellent quality.

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